Time: 1 hour 15 minutes
INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
- Answer all the questions.
- You can change your answers at any time during the test.
INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
- There are 52 questions in this test.
- Each question in Parts 1, 2, 3 and 7 carries one mark.
- Each question in Part 4 carries up to two marks.
- Each question in Parts 5 and 6 carries two marks.
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For questions 1-8, read the text and choose the correct answer for each gap. Click on a gap and a choice of words will appear. Then choose the correct answer.
- Have a Nap
According to experts, adults ought to get seven to nine hours of sleep per night. Teenagers are understood to need sleep. If you find that you aren't getting enough rest, think about incorporating a nap into your routine. It has been proven that even short naps, when taken regularly, can have a significant on wellbeing.
The benefits of napping include improved alertness, better mood and reduced stress. Some experts go further and argue that napping can your immune system. "When you nap, you give your body the chance to ," says sleep researcher Nadine Williams. "People who adopt the practice often mention that they down with colds less frequently than before." One reason for this may be that nappers rely less on stimulants, such as coffee. Whatever the explanation, naps are definitely good for you.
If your schedule doesn't you to nap during the week, you should still try to nap at weekends. You'll feel healthier, happier, and will have more energy for the week .
Read the text. Think of the word which best fits each gap. Write the correct word in each gap (9 – 16).
- To Buy or Not to Buy?
Buying a house is a big decision. Since it is something that most of only do once or twice in our lifetimes, it is common for people to feel quite stressed when they through this process. When you purchase a home you have to deal banks, lawyers and other officials. In addition, there is the obvious point that a mortgage is a major financial responsibility.
If the idea of buying property makes you feel anxious, remember that home ownership has many advantages. The important of these is stability. when you rent, when you own a house you have control over how much money you are paying each month. Another benefit is that houses tend to increase in value. means that you will have more security when you retire. If you are thinking of buying a house and don't know where start, don't worry. There are many resources on the internet can help you.
Read the text. For questions 17 – 24, use the word on the right to form a word that fits in the gap. For each question, write your answer in the gap.
How to Improve your Language Skills Keyword List Many people study foreign languages in school. They often devote a lot of time and effort to these classes, but only ever see average results. That's why if you are serious about learning another language, the best decision you can make is to travel to another country. Whether you go abroad to study, to work, or to explore, the experience will teach you a great deal.
Going to a different country gives you the to put what you know into practice. This can be very . Another benefit is the chance to learn new vocabulary. You may have a problem with your , for example, or a health issue. Although these moments will probably cause stress, they will also give you . If you are to speaking a foreign language for more than a few hours per week, at first you might find it to be immersed in another culture. However, soon you will start to feel more secure. With time, even communication with native will be easy for you.
For questions 25 – 30, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.
- 25 It’s very important that you do exactly what they tell you.
You must instructions exactly.
26 Because it was so cold, the students weren’t allowed to go outside by the teacher.
Because it was so cold, the teacher would outside.
27 Beside being very clever, she is also quite funny.
She is quite funny, very clever.
28 She got back from her holiday a month ago.
It she got back from her holiday.
29 The match was cancelled because of the strike.
They because of the strike.
30 She is one of the only people able to type that fast in the office.
Other than her, there can type that fast in the office.
You are going to read an article about a yoga studio. For each question 31 – 36, choose the correct answer.
Denise Walton talks about how she founded her business
Over the last twenty years or so, there has been a huge surge in the popularity of yoga. These days, it's possible to enrol in yoga classes in fitness centres just about everywhere. It has become common for local governments and businesses to promote the practice at public events such as "International Yoga Day." Meanwhile, interest in private yoga instruction has also grown tremendously. As a result of these factors, at present there is a huge demand for trained yoga teachers.
I began practicing yoga when I was in my twenties. In Sanskrit, the word "yoga" means "union" and refers to the relationship between the body and the mind. In other words, yoga is not just exercise. It is, of course, a great way to strengthen the muscles, improve flexibility and control your breathing. However, it also teaches discipline and mental strength. Initially, I signed up for classes at a gym near my job and began going a few times per week. Two months later, I moved on to a home practice and began waking up early to do yoga before work.
Five years on, I made the decision to obtain a yoga qualification. At that point I was doing yoga every day, and when I wasn't practicing I was often reading or thinking about it. I applied for a leave of absence at work and travelled to India to study at an ashram. It came as a shock to my family at the time, especially given that I was coming up for a promotion. I can't say that I wasn't satisfied with my career up to that point, which was in sales. I had strong relationships with my colleagues and supervisors. Moreover, I was earning a good salary. Still, I just couldn't shake the feeling that I might be more fulfilled by working as a yoga teacher.
In my time at the ashram, I developed a deeper understanding of yoga. This, of course, was one of my goals. I also learned a lot about myself and my relationship to the practice. Meanwhile, the opportunity to meet people from around the world who shared my interest was extremely valuable. I knew that I wanted set up a private studio once I returned home, but I had doubts about my ability to run a business. When I voiced my concerns, my classmates encouraged me and gave me advice. Buoyed by their support, when I did come back to England I took the plunge and founded the first yoga centre in my town. I named the business Sunrise Yoga because, years prior, it was at sunrise that I dedicated time to the activity.
At Sunrise Yoga, we currently have more than eighty students. The business employs three full-time staff members, and I am in the middle of scouting out a space so that we can open up a second location. That's all to say, so far, the venture has proven a success. Anyone who runs a business will tell you how stressful life is when you first set up shop. In my case, this was no different. That first year I hardly slept at all. However, I can say with confidence that the decision to transition away from corporate life towards pursuing my passion was definitely the right one.
There are so many things I love about my new career, chief among them my day-to-day routine. The relationships I have with my students also bring me a lot of happiness. My oldest student, Martina, is eighty-two years old. When she masters a new posture, or when I can see the strength she has built up through yoga, I know in my heart of hearts that I have found my dream job. My advice to anyone thinking about making a career change would be to just go for it. You'll never know what you're missing if you don't give it a try! And if you're in the neighbourhood and want to drop by for a yoga class with us, you'll be very welcome. Prospective students are entitled to two complementary classes.
31. According to paragraph 1, what is one advantage of working as a yoga teacher?
32. Which misconception about yoga is highlighted in paragraph 2?
33. Why was Denise's family surprised by her decision to leave her job?
34. What is the meaning of "took the plunge" in paragraph 4?
35. What point is being made at the start of paragraph 5?
36. What does Denise say she learned from Martina?
You are going to read a story about a family’s holidays in southern England. Six sentences have been removed from the article. For questions 37 – 42, choose the correct sentence and move it into the gap. There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.
Visions of Cornwall
For as long as I can remember, my family has been travelling to Cornwall for the summer holidays. My mother used to go there when she was a child. The town where she stayed was a stone’s throw from the sea. She would spend her days walking along rugged coastal paths with her siblings, picking wildflowers. In the evenings she would while away the hours playing board games and listening to her parents’ stories. The best part of each day was watching the sunset, which at the height of summer could happen as late as 10pm. My father had never visited England’s south-westernmost county prior to marrying my mother. However, it didn’t take long to convince him of the region’s merits.
Cornwall is famous for its beauty. It is bordered on three sides by the sea, and its lush green landscape and rolling hills are dotted with quaint villages. It is also an ancient county. The archaeological record suggests that Cornwall was inhabited during the Palaeolithic period, and Greek historians wrote accounts describing Cornwall as early as the first century BC. Remarkably, Roman rule did not extend to Cornwall. Even today, with modern roads, the drive from London takes almost five hours. As a child, I found those hours in the car to be arduous. As an adult I enjoy this time, and savour the opportunity to distance myself from the modern world. By the time we turn onto country roads, the urban life I’m used to has usually faded from my mind.
When my sister and I were young, rather than stay in a bed and breakfast, my parents usually booked lodging in a caravan park. The novelty of sleeping in a home on wheels would charm any child, and we were no different. Nevertheless, were always thrilled by our no-frills accommodation. Looking through the windows, we could see endless countryside in all directions. After breakfast, we had complete freedom to roam nearby fields and explore, whether on our own or with other kids. I feel strongly that all children should have these kinds of experiences. That can only help them to grow into adults.
Of the many wonderful memories I have of Cornwall, perhaps my most treasured are the evenings my family spent at the theatre. Four miles from Land’s End, the westernmost point of England, there is a famed cultural institution called the Minack Theatre. Plays are staged to the thunderous roar of ocean waves with a majestic view of the distant horizon. Even if productions at the Minack were not first-class, which they are, a visit could not help but fill you with awe.
I feel very lucky to have been exposed to such a magnificent part of the world from so early on. Thankfully, my husband agrees that our daughters should have the opportunity to enjoy this exceptional region. On our next visit, three generations of my family will make the trip together for the first time. In light of this, I find myself remembering the words of Alice Hamilton, a local poet. “Love of Cornwall is akin to love of life. When you feel that you can’t go on, there is no recourse but take a break and stroll along the Cornish coast.” So that is what we shall do. And not just this year, but for many more years to come.
- I realise now that this arrangement was to save money.
- Now that I have my own children, I am making it a priority to travel to Cornwall again.
- This may be due to the fact that the region is very remote.
- Tourism is an important part of Cornwall’s economy, with more than 4 million people journeying to the county each year.
- Independence, particularly in a rural environment, teaches self-reliance and resourcefulness.
- In due course, my parents’ love of Cornwall was passed on to us.
- Perched on a cliff overlooking the ocean, the venue’s open-air stage is carved into a rocky promontory.
Read the small-business owners' descriptions of their jobs. For questions 43 – 52, choose the correct section. The sections may be chosen more than once.
What is it like to own a business?
A. Francis Gorman, Lawyer
There was never any doubt that I would become a lawyer. My parents both trained as lawyers, as did my grandfather. When my father retired, I became sole proprietor of the family business. We're a small firm specialising in inheritance law. We help people write wills, manage their estates, and just generally make sure that their finances are in order. Some people find it unpleasant to think about these topics. I mean, no one really wants to contemplate what life will be like for their families when they're no longer around. However, if you don't plan ahead, you're bound to run into problems. I'm proud of the work we do and, at times when I help a client through a difficult moment, the job gives me a feeling unlike any other. My work certainly has challenges, such as long hours and stress, but I wouldn't change professions for anything.
B. Simon Fellows, Hardware Shop Owner
According to my family, I've always been good at fixing things. When I was a kid, I used to repair furniture that I found in the street. At one stage I was given a basic toolbox, and it became my most prized possession. So it came as no surprise to anyone when, in secondary school, I got a part-time job at a hardware store. I wasn't what you could describe as academic, to say the least. However, when I did hands-on work I came into my own. The owner of the hardware store was pleased with my work, as were our customers. After a few years, I had the idea to go into business for myself. I thought my boss would be upset, but instead he was supportive. He helped me take out a loan, rent space and invest in merchandise. I'm grateful to him for believing in my abilities. I don't make a lot of money, but I feel lucky to spend my days doing something I love. If you ever need help with a "do-it-yourself" project, drop by and I'll be happy to give you advice.
C. Scott Kennedy, Headhunter
I'm the owner of a large recruitment agency. I worked in the field for many years before making the decision to start my own firm. A lot of people don't have a sense of what recruitment involves. In reality, the idea is simple. All companies need workers, but small firms don't always have the resources to carry out job searches themselves. That's where we come in. Rather than rush the process and hire the first person that comes along, companies have us find suitable employees for them. It's a great system because it allows businesses to focus on other tasks. Meanwhile, for us it works out profitable. We make a commission on every candidate we place, with an additional bonus if the worker stays more than two years. Most recruitment agencies specialise in one particular industry. My firm deals primarily with health care workers. Soon, we're planning to expand and work with other types of professionals.
D. Louis Andrews, Pet Shop Owner
My cousin and I are the joint owners of a pet shop. Our grandparents used to have a farm, so as kids we'd spent a lot of time around animals. However, at first neither of us thought this background could turn into a career. Instead, after finishing university we both took corporate jobs. My field was banking, and my cousin worked in sales. A few years ago, we realised that neither of us was satisfied with our jobs. My cousin's goal was to spend less time in front of a computer. Meanwhile, I wanted to build meaningful connections with my clients. In that sense I think our business has been a success. A lot of neighbourhood families have been coming to us since the beginning, and often stop by just to say hello. Unfortunately, it's been harder than we expected to make ends meet. If business doesn't pick up soon, we might have to close.
43. runs a company dedicated to helping other businesses?
44. was aided by a former colleague when they first got started?
45. is planning to grow their business in the near future?
46. takes pride in helping clients get through tough situations?
47. founded their business after making a career change?
48. showed skill at practical tasks from a very young age?
49. is unsure whether their business will be able to remain open?
50. took over management of the company from a family member?
51. claims that their line of work brings good financial rewards?
52. has been successful despite struggling when they were a student?