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Question 1 of 2
Read the reviews of the television programmes. For questions 43 – 52, choose the correct section. The sections may be chosen more than once.
New Programmes Bring History to Life
A. The Great War
The Great War is an excellent way to boost your knowledge of World War I. This informative programme was screened for the first time last Friday, and is the result of years of work by a group of graduate students at City University. Among its many virtues, the programme presents never before seen interviews with a number of leading historians. Of these, Anthony Farrell is particularly enjoyable to listen to. Farrell is regarded as an "expert among experts" in the field of European history. Still, he has a knack for explaining complex ideas in a way that just about anyone can grasp. Above all, viewers will enjoy his analysis of the role of submarines in the war. Perhaps the only drawback to the programme is the fact that it goes on a bit, mostly towards the end. The faint-hearted may not want to attempt this three-hour marathon.
B. Daring Seafarers
Before the release of David Jenkins' newest production, a group of critics cried that the last thing we needed was another film about the age of exploration. Sadly, the pessimism of these reviewers has been proven correct. Jenkins' work is not normally a let down. Earlier films, such as his famed biography series, are known for being quite riveting. Indeed, he has won a number of awards for previous work. Here, on the other hand, viewers are left wanting. The best part of the film is Jenkins' analysis of the psychology of famous explorers. Alas, this bold shot at originality falls flat. Rather than looking at this subject in depth, Jenkins skirts the topic with a series of bland statements. Should viewers wish to truly learn, they would do well to search elsewhere. One hopes that Jenkins has more success with future projects.
C. History's Greatest Painters
Most viewers will already be familiar with the Renaissance. However, even the most knowledgeable among us will benefit from watching History's Greatest Painters. After all, it is always pleasant to reflect on this dazzling period from the 14th to 17th centuries. The directors are a team of professors from five top universities. In the programme, they made the choice to focus on the era's lesser-known artists. Da Vinci and Michelangelo are mentioned, of course. Nevertheless, more attention is paid to other figures, ones who the public is likely to know less about. Remember your art history teacher from long ago? Even she would be certain to learn something new. Viewers will easily see why the show has already received a series of prizes. A further bonus is the fact that the programme is split into four parts. If you are strapped for time, you can watch the show little by little.
D. The Genius of Einstein
Have you always wished you understood the theory of relativity? Does the life of a famous scientist interest you? If you've answered yes to these questions, you simply must check out this new biopic about Albert Einstein. Produced together with the Global Physics Society, the programme will be aired for the first time next week. Be sure not to miss it, as it will only be screened this week. The show is less than two hours long, so if you have to wake up early for work, you don't need to stress about getting a late night. The programme makes excellent viewing for both scientists and non-scientists alike. If you tend to be put off by technical subjects, don't worry. The Genius of Einstein is designed such that even laymen can enjoy it. Alternately, if you do have some knowledge of physics, you will welcome the commentators' explanations of Einstein's formulas.
43. discusses an interesting subject in a superficial manner
44. is split into multiple segments
45. was produced over the course of many years
46. focuses on the life of just one individual
47. has received a number of awards
48. will not be available to viewers for very long
49. was produced by someone of prominence
50. is described as being too lengthy
51. focuses on people who are not very famous
52. was regarded negatively from the very beginning
Question 2 of 2
You are going to read an article about a yoga studio. For each question 31 – 36, choose the correct answer.
Denise Walton talks about how she founded her business
Over the last twenty years or so, there has been a huge surge in the popularity of yoga. These days, it's possible to enrol in yoga classes in fitness centres just about everywhere. It has become common for local governments and businesses to promote the practice at public events such as "International Yoga Day." Meanwhile, interest in private yoga instruction has also grown tremendously. As a result of these factors, at present there is a huge demand for trained yoga teachers.
I began practicing yoga when I was in my twenties. In Sanskrit, the word "yoga" means "union" and refers to the relationship between the body and the mind. In other words, yoga is not just exercise. It is, of course, a great way to strengthen the muscles, improve flexibility and control your breathing. However, it also teaches discipline and mental strength. Initially, I signed up for classes at a gym near my job and began going a few times per week. Two months later, I moved on to a home practice and began waking up early to do yoga before work.
Five years on, I made the decision to obtain a yoga qualification. At that point I was doing yoga every day, and when I wasn't practicing I was often reading or thinking about it. I applied for a leave of absence at work and travelled to India to study at an ashram. It came as a shock to my family at the time, especially given that I was coming up for a promotion. I can't say that I wasn't satisfied with my career up to that point, which was in sales. I had strong relationships with my colleagues and supervisors. Moreover, I was earning a good salary. Still, I just couldn't shake the feeling that I might be more fulfilled by working as a yoga teacher.
In my time at the ashram, I developed a deeper understanding of yoga. This, of course, was one of my goals. I also learned a lot about myself and my relationship to the practice. Meanwhile, the opportunity to meet people from around the world who shared my interest was extremely valuable. I knew that I wanted set up a private studio once I returned home, but I had doubts about my ability to run a business. When I voiced my concerns, my classmates encouraged me and gave me advice. Buoyed by their support, when I did come back to England I took the plunge and founded the first yoga centre in my town. I named the business Sunrise Yoga because, years prior, it was at sunrise that I dedicated time to the activity.
At Sunrise Yoga, we currently have more than eighty students. The business employs three full-time staff members, and I am in the middle of scouting out a space so that we can open up a second location. That's all to say, so far, the venture has proven a success. Anyone who runs a business will tell you how stressful life is when you first set up shop. In my case, this was no different. That first year I hardly slept at all. However, I can say with confidence that the decision to transition away from corporate life towards pursuing my passion was definitely the right one.
There are so many things I love about my new career, chief among them my day-to-day routine. The relationships I have with my students also bring me a lot of happiness. My oldest student, Martina, is eighty-two years old. When she masters a new posture, or when I can see the strength she has built up through yoga, I know in my heart of hearts that I have found my dream job. My advice to anyone thinking about making a career change would be to just go for it. You'll never know what you're missing if you don't give it a try! And if you're in the neighbourhood and want to drop by for a yoga class with us, you'll be very welcome. Prospective students are entitled to two complementary classes.
31. According to paragraph 1, what is one advantage of working as a yoga teacher?
32. Which misconception about yoga is highlighted in paragraph 2?
33. Why was Denise's family surprised by her decision to leave her job?
34. What is the meaning of "took the plunge" in paragraph 4?
35. What point is being made at the start of paragraph 5?
36. What does Denise say she learned from Martina?