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Read the text. For questions 17 – 24, use the word on the right to form a word that fits in the gap. For each question, write your answer in the gap.
The Bystander Effect Keyword List In 1964, a woman named Kitty Genovese was famously murdered in New York City. were fascinated by the case because 38 people witnessed the attack on Genovese, but nobody came to help. It couldn’t be true that every one of these witnesses was cold and – so what was going on?
Later experiments showed that in an emergency, the greater the number of witnesses, the less it was that any of them would intervene. Each bystander assumed someone else would offer . This collective public to help became known as ‘the bystander effect’. On the contrary, when an faked street accidents for just one bystander, he or she offered help 70% of the time.
An American TV programme called What Would You Do? tests the bystander effect using hidden cameras. Members of the public witness ‘crimes’ such as stealing in a crowded store, and their are filmed. Recent episodes have included not only crimes but moral dilemmas, such as children abusing a homeless person on a busy street. We all like to think of ourselves as people – but could you really beat the bystander effect?